Tag Archives: risk

FIREOF now offers risk categories for its loans listed on Mintos p2p lending platform

Mintos logo

Spanish mortgage lender FIREOF Management, which recently launched on Mintos, now offers investors the opportunity to invest in its loans by selecting them based on loan risk categories. The inclusion of the risk categories will allow investors to make more informed investment decisions.

FIREOF loans have a historical track record of 0% loss given default (LGD) and 0% bad debt rate due to the high loan-to-value ratio (average below 35%), thorough analysis of the borrowers and collateral as well as the personal guarantee provided for the loans. The risk of losing the principal has historically been very low and the main risk has been related to liquidity – locking in the investment during the court collection process which varies and averages 18 months.

FIREOF will provide loan risk ratings in each scoring category based on the predicted probability of default (PD) – assessment of the probability of loans becoming 90 days late when the court collections process is being initiated.

FIREOF Risk Categories


 Category (Score)        PD*             Interest rate to investor
AAA (1000-851) 0,63% – 0,70% 5,00% – 6,00%
AA  (850-701) 0,95% – 1,04% 5,50% – 6,50%
A (551-700) 3,76% – 4,15% 6,00% – 7,00%
BBB (500-551) 5,04% – 5,57% 6,50% – 7,50%
BB (451-500) 5,79% – 6,40%
B (331-450) 7,24% – 8,00%
C (0-330) 9,78% – 10,81%

* Probability of default (loans going into court collection, more than 90 days past due). Historically FIREOF has been able to recover 100% of principal for all defaulted loans.

FIREOF bases the risk categories on their scoring model that is being used to assess the riskiness of the loans they are issuing. Their scoring model, based on a FICO score (a type of credit score created by the Fair Isaac Corporation), has been specifically designed for the mortgage secured lending business in Spain. It takes into account various factors in three main areas to determine the credit quality: borrower profile, collateral liquidity and loan type risk.  

FIREOF takes into account the loan type risk (35% of score), collateral liquidity (35-40%) and borrower profile (25-30%) to determine the credit score for each loan. Scores range between 0 and 1 000. In general, scores above 550 indicate a good credit quality. In contrast, loans with scores below 500 mean the credit quality is inferior – borrowers might find it difficult to repay monthly instalments, the quality of the collateral is sub-optimal or the loan type holds a larger risk. Currently, FIREOF plans to offer only loans with category BBB and higher for investment to Mintos investors.

Loan Type Risk

In order to determine the loan type risk, different aspects of loan parameters are taken into account, including the amortization type, the term of the loan, APR charged to the borrower, loan amount and reason for taking the loan.

Collateral Liquidity

To reach an acceptable score for collateral, collateral type (internal liquidity), market size and liquidation price (external liquidity) are analysed together with government public ratios to measure the potential of selling the collateral in case the borrowers of FIREOF fail to repay their liabilities.

Loan to value (LTV) and loan to liquidation value (LTLV) are calculated on a principal cap basis. In addition, fraud detection triggers are deployed at an early stage.

Borrower Profile

As a general rule, borrower information is provided and analysed by the Spanish central bank. The information analysed includes the average default probability by age, debt to income ratio (DTI) and payment incident records in combination with the minimum income (of the borrower). The decision-making process is continuously improved based on past performance information

Established in 2015, FIREOF is an asset-secured lending business whose mission is to provide a financial bridge to Spanish consumers. FIREOF pursues a win-win relationship with their borrowers. The company is fully licensed and audited and it provides its credit products through established brokers.

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Envestio peer-to-peer crowdinvesting platform overview

Envestio logo

 

If you invest for the first time at Envestio don’t forget that you can get € 5 and a 0.5% cashback bonus for the investments made in the first nine months (270 days), more details HERE.

 

Started as a private investment fund, now Envestio is a modern crowdinvesting platform, which offers new ways of making investments in traditional and innovative investment projects. Envestio offers investors premium level investment opportunities, which were carefully chosen from many applications and thoroughly studied by Envestio analytical team. Entrepreneurs from different industries can apply for structured financing at Envestio platform and quickly receive it from the pool of registered private investors. Envestio takes care of the transparent full-cycled fundraising process, and ensures honest and unbiased information exchange between all participants of every investment project.
In the Age of Internet crowdfunding concept swiftly became popular as an alternative way of finding necessary financing for different projects. Unlike the traditional bank financing, crowdfunding is highly decentralized concept, where many investors are participating in each project with investments of small or moderate size. Crowdfunding is being used to finance project of different size and nature, such as commercial ventures, cultural and charity events, scientific research, development of new products, etc. In many cases, people, contributing to a crowdfunding project are not expecting a monetary return, especially in case of funding cultural or charity project, or the return is clearly symbolic, like “thank you” booklet or CD.

Since its establishment in 2014, Envestio has been investing funds in three industries: real estate, energy, cryptomining. A new step into other business area was made in the end of 2017. As of April 28, 2018 an innovative business of cryptocurrency mining constitutes the biggest portion of Envestio’s historical portfolio with 42% of total funds invested, followed by energy sector with 27%, and real estate projects with 27%. 3% were invested in other industries.
As of April 30, 2018 Envestio has successfully conducted and exited 20 investment projects, by fully receiving back principal and interest from our cooperation partners. The total sum of provided capital exceeds EUR 6,3M, while accumulated income from interest exceeds EUR 1,7M level.

What type of investments can be made?

– Crowdinvesting
Crowdinvesting is somewhat more specific than ordinary crowdfunding as it is related to funding business ventures, newly established or already existing companies with a straightforward purpose of earning interest on invested funds. Certain number of investors join a pool to complete the announced need of a project or company for specific type of funding. Profits or revenues are distributed to them according to previously approved schedule and proportionally to the share invested by each investor. Most crowdinvesting platforms allow their participants to start investing from very fairly small amounts, such as 50 or 100 EUR. Ordinary people received a great alternative to traditional bank deposits, which are noticeably less flexible and profitable than investments made through crowdfunding platforms.
– Bridge investing
Bridge financing is an interim financing option used by companies and other entities to solidify their short-term position until a long-term financing option can be arranged. Bridge financing normally comes from an investment bank or venture capital firm in the form of a loan or equity investment. This type of financing only occurs when a company’s runway is shorter than its future financing options, and it needs to remain solvent in order to obtain such long-term financing.

Who is eligible to invest?

All adults may become investors at Envestio. With the minimum investment amount of only 100 EUR, the idea behind Envestio is that everyone should be able to participate in different innovative and traditional investment projects.
It is free to register at Envestio and start investing using the platform.
Investors do not pay any fees for their investment at Envestio either. Therefore, the entire payment is used for the investment with no deductions.
In some specific cases there are one-off fees, associated with international bank transfers.

In what currencies can investments be made?

Investment accounts of Envestio participants are maintained in EUR, and money payouts to Envestio participants are done in EUR as well. Currently there is no blockchain/token technology used behind Envestio operations. Envestio does not convert invested funds into any kind of crypto-currency.
At the moment, Envestio is not accepting credit cards as a mean of adding funds to Envestio investment account. This possibility is still being analyzed in order to comply with AML legislation and be economically viable for Envestio business. Also, it is not possible to add funds by Western Union, crypto-currency, or any kind of electronic money transfer. Envestio portal accepts only safe bank transfers, done by Envestio participants from their private bank accounts.

Investing

You do not need much capital to invest successfully, you can also create your own diversified investment portfolio at Envestio step by step. Indeed, you can start with small investments from 100 EUR in single project and expand your portfolio over time, you can reinvest profits from successful investments in new projects, etc. As a result, your portfolio will become broadly diversified over time.
Investing at Envestio is straightforward: You choose one of the premium investment opportunities in which you want to invest and decide how much money to invest. The entire investment process takes place online and requires just a few minutes of your time. In return for your investment, you will receive fixed interest payments according to established schedule. The minimum investment is just 100 EUR.
Envestio has already pre-analysed all investment opportunities offered on the platform. In fact, only very small % of companies applying for a financing round on Envestio are accepted and presented further to Envestio participants.
Investments done through Envestio are not just interesting and high-profitable; those are also a way of supporting entrepreneurship and innovation in the region. Many company founders, discoverers, and visionaries often had troubles to find people among traditional investors, who shared their vision and recognized opportunities and potential of their business ideas.
Investors at Envestio are different from that. They share the ideas and see in reality that small things can eventually morph in something big and successful. Envestio participants help new ideas and economic progress, they support innovation and creation of jobs, making a positive contribution to society while earning high profits. It is the best example of win-win situation.
Envestio business model includes cooperation with investment project owners in the field of providing bridge financing/temporary equity replacement for their business projects. Funds, gathered via Envestio portal, constitute a certain share of total financing that is attracted to specific project, besides traditional funding from banks etc. Respectively, the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) for these projects is much lower than interest rate, payable to Envestio participants.
Making investments in premium investment projects at Envestio offers great opportunities, but these investments still are risky as any other. In the worst case, the entire investment, including principal and interest amount may be lost. At the same time, Envestio participants are under no obligation to continue funding the problematic project.
Envestio participants can minimize the risk by diversifying their investment portfolio. Professional investors often follow this strategy because it causes the risk to be distributed among several investments. In this way, successful investments with high return can balance out other less successful investments.
Envestio currently is offering investment projects with yearly interest rate from 12% up to 22%, depending on length and risk category of the project.
Financing of cryptomining hardware industry is considered most risky investment with the highest return, while real estate industry has the lowest risk category and moderate interest rates.
All interest payments already transferred to the Envestio participant’s investment account according to the project’s schedule remain in possession of the investor. Interest that is accrued, but not yet received, is written-off at the moment of confirming the buyback.

How does the buyback guarantee work?

Envestio buyback guarantee means that any Envestio participant at any moment can sell an investment from his or her investment portfolio back to Envestio and instantly receive invested money back his or her investment account. Since the funds, gathered via Envestio portal, constitute a certain share of total financing that is attracted to specific project, besides traditional funding from banks, Envestio is sufficiently capitalized to execute any buyback immediately.
Cost of performing buyback is calculated and shown to Envestio participant in Envestio personal area.
Please note that in some cases cost of buyback can account to substantial percentage of invested amount.

Upcoming platform improvements and new planned events

– Soon the webpage will be available in 6 languages, including Spanish, Italian, Estonian, and Russian besides already existing German and English
– Auto-invest function will be added within June-July 2018
– Secondary market for investments is going to be introduced after auto-invest is in place
– Mobile app for iOS and Android will appear within 1-1,5 months (July-August 2018)
– Around 10 new investment projects are being prepared for presentation at the platform

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Savings can help you in the world full of risks we live in

We all live in a world full of uncertainties. Everything that surrounds us – nature, people, things – is in constant transformation, and the result is beyond the limits of our knowledge.
But our economies could be a solution (at least partial) to this problem.
Why? The answer is simple: in situations where we are confronted with many unknowns, over which we have no control, a good idea would be to act in the directions in which we can really do something.
For example, in terms of personal finances. Because money is a mean by which we have been taught that we can interact with the world around us.
So many of the things we need, or the problems we face daily, can be attained or even partially resolved with a certain amount of money, so we might be tempted to believe that ALL our problems would instantly disappear if we had enough money.
A totally wrong perception, for the most important aspects of life really have nothing to do with the notion of money.
But many other things really are related, which is why we are in danger of generalizing …

How can we increase our savings?

By definition, savings are the difference between what we get and what we spend. So, first of all, we could try to act on revenues. We all know that it’s not easy to increase our income, but at least we have the certainty that we know it. I mean, to a certain extent, we can rely on it.
Then, secondly, we can act on spendings. Of course it is not easy, but at least here it depends on us to a greater extent. And if we correctly correlate earnings and revenues, we’ll start to see how savings are gathered.

How can our savings help?

First of all, savings will bring a sense of control into our lives.
Beyond the countless things we CAN NOT influence in any way, the fact that we can act on our personal finances is a positive thing. And when this money control even produces results and we see savings as it accumulates, then we make clear progress towards increasing our safety.
But not only that, our economies influence our lives more directly.
A study made in the US showed that in the years of the last economic recession, 46% of those actively saving said that they were comfortable with their financial situation. Unlike them, 37% of those who did not save said they had to reduce much of their spendings to make it. Clearly, some people manage their money more efficiently than others.
The fact that you have some money set aside and, in fact, in order to live, you need a lower income than you have, it gives you the opportunity to keep your lifestyle even in unfavorable economic conditions. Due to the fact that the option not to put money aside for a certain period (or even to spend from existing economies) does not exist for those who are not accustomed to constantly saving, they will be more affected by any negative changes may occur at some point.
Those who make savings will be less concerned about unforeseen events and will have the ability to make it easier. What is even more important is that they know this, and that gives them a sense of security that no matter what may appear, they can do it.
Also, those who make savings set goals that they want to achieve. They know it’s more financially advantageous to raise money to go on vacation, for example, than to make a loan for that.
For them, savings are an integral part of their life, and the moment they reach their goal is a positive stimulus.
Unlike them, those who are not preoccupied with their economies, even if they get to put something apart, will do so because the fear of unpredictability, not because they are accustomed to do so.
Especially during recessions, economies help foreseeable people to be better prepared and less affected than others. And due to the fact that there will probably be other recessions in the future, maybe it would be a good time to think about your savings.

Also, as inflation is already becoming more and more clearly felt, maybe it would be a good idea to inform yourself about ways to invest your savings so that in the long run you can get profits that go beyond at least the rate at which your purchasing power decreases.

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How to earn 10% per year with no risk

Recently an investor asked a great question:“Hey, how can I earn 10% or more interest every year with no risk?”

We would love to say earning 10% each year with absolutely no risk is possible, but the truth is that with any investment you should always be aware of the risks involved. This is applicable for all asset classes, with the level of risk being different for each.

But there’s no need to despair, plenty of people consistently earn 10% or more per year because they are aware of the risks involved and manage this risk appropriately in proportion with their targeted gain. This is actually not exclusive to an individual or retail level investor either. Investment banks have been doing this for centuries, even today, if you walked on to a trading floor on Wall Street or Canary Wharf you would see financial traders leveraging themselves with extremely high-risk high-return strategies.

Here are 3 ways you can easily and instantly start managing your risk today:

1. Diversify

It goes without saying that diversification is the golden rule of investing. That being said, many prolific investors are known for saying that concentration within a single asset class is equally as important. This means that you do not necessarily need to have a share of your portfolio in every single asset class that exists, but you could pick a few and become experts in those areas. Even within an asset class itself, there is plenty of room for diversification. For example, different stocks and bonds if you invest in securities or loans with different credit ratings, durations and country of origination in P2P.

Here are the top 7 asset classes worldwide:

  • Cash Equivalents
  • Equities
  • Bonds
  • Real Estate
  • Gold
  • Precious Metals & Commodities
  • Alternative Investments

Did you notice anything about this? P2P isn’t even listed here, mostly because the idea of the individual investor having access to the wider consumer credit market has only been possible for the past 10 years. However, with the rate of year-to-year growth in the past decade it’s more than likely this will gain a top spot in the future.

Anyway, the point we’re trying to make here is that it’s highly likely that either you or someone you know has earned an excellent net return consecutively without having exposure in all 7 of the major asset classes.

As Benjamin Franklin once said:

“An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.”

So, like Benjamin, get to know a few asset classes extremely well, diversify within those asset classes, monitor your progress and adjust your strategy appropriately.

2. Check your maximum exposure

This is connected to the previous topic. First things first, take a look at your net worth (no, you don’t have to have tens of thousands for this to apply to you) and how much you plan to invest initially as well as on a monthly basis. Then, ask yourself, how much risk are you willing to take and how much do you need the money you plan to invest? If the amount you choose falls nicely within your monthly budget, and you know you don’t need this money each month for your committed expenditure and bills, then you’re already on the right track. If you’re looking for short-term gains (such as day-trading) to pay your bills at the end of the month, you might want to take a step back and review your monthly budget.

Once you’re confident in the amount you will invest, decide on how much exposure you want to have in different asset classes, companies if you’re buying stocks, platforms and credit ratings if you’re investing in P2P, geographical areas if it’s real estate and so on. This will allow you to manage your risk by allocating a specific percentage of your total investment portfolio in different places, so if there’s a macro-economic event then you can be confident that you have taken the steps to minimize the impact this will have on your investments.

The famous U.S. investor and entrepreneur Robert Arnott once said:

“In investing, what is comfortable is rarely profitable”

This is not to say that investing cannot be made simple, instead it emphasizes that you should step outside of your comfort zone to make the most of your returns. Seeing your strategy through to the end and not jumping ship at the first sign of volatility is critical.

3. Cash and Cash Equivalents

Suffice to say, anyone who holds their money in their local bank will not earn 10% per year interest. In fact, you may be lucky to earn 0.01% depending on where you live. While it is important to have access to some cash with a very short maturity and near-instant liquidity, review how much is actually necessary so you avoid eating in to the absolute return (and the knock-on effect on compounding) in the long run. How do you review it? First, take a look at your emergency fund and make an assessment of how realistic the amount is; If you’re holding on to 2 years equivalent of your salary, you should think about whether you will ever need this much money for a rainy day.

Another tip

You should also consider the impact of tax and inflation on your overall net return, as this varies significantly between asset classes, your country of residence, current financial standing and more. If in doubt, always consult a certified tax or financial advisor.

There you have it, manage your risk religiously and you will have a realistic opportunity to consistently earn 10% interest or more per annum.

Source: www.bondora.com

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5 ways to teach your kids about investing

For many adults, investing is still a confusing pipedream that is rumored to lead to something called financial freedom. For those working outside of banking and finance, it may seem like those who invest are part of an exclusive elite club that have access to deals that are not available to the masses.

While this is of course not true, we recently thought that if adults still think this way then what about kids? By nature, kids are more open-minded and care free to the financial constraints of adult life (and they absolutely should be!). If you can reinforce the importance of investing and financial discipline from an early age, you will give them a valuable life skill which they most likely will not get from school.

Here’s our top 5 ways to teach your kids about investing:

1. Apps that help kids invest

With a variety of innovative apps available in the modern day, thankfully someone has created an app specifically for helping kids to learn to invest. BusyKid is an app that lets your child see the money they have earned from doing chores, manage their allowance and invest in to stocks. Investing can be intimidating for first-timers, but apps like BusyKid help simplify this experience so it becomes second nature to your children.

2. Create an investment account for them

Start making monthly deposits to an index linked fund or a P2P account which you plan to set aside and transfer ownership to them in the future. Over time and once they reach a mature age (Say their mid-teens), you can show this to them with a comparison of the total deposits you have made and how much interest you have earned for them with virtually no effort. Understanding the power of compound interest is the key to becoming an intelligent investor.

3. Compare 0% returns to your own returns

Do you give your kids pocket money every month? If you do, you can tell them how much their pocket money over the past few years could have been worth today if they had invested it. You can compare this with the performance of your own investments or for simplicity, at a rate of 10% per year in monetary terms or something better…

4. Speak their language

What’s the big thing they have wanted for a long time? Talking in terms of something visual or physical is much more receptive to kids than saying your money could have grown by X%. If they have been saving up for that new games console or bicycle and are still short of some money, you can help them understand that they could have been able to pay for it already if this money had been invested in the meantime.

5. Pay themselves first

If they are in their teens, maybe they even have a part time job at this point and you can help reinforce budgeting and paying themselves first for investing. If they have financial discipline from this age, they will carry this with them for the remainder of their lives and most likely be very thankful down the line when they retire 20 years earlier than their peers.

Tell them about the risks

It’s important to mention at this point, you should also inform your kids about the risks of investing and not putting all of their eggs in to one basket.

Source: www.bondora.com

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